Statement (Main) 
My art questions what a drawing is and how it can affect thinking. Works are composed of marks that are signs of time and, referencing artist Avis Newman, thought. I take an interdisciplinary approach to expand the concept of drawing that includes installation, works on paper, and photography. Time, light and shadow, the everyday, Eastern philosophy, and Conceptual Art are influences. I aim to work responsively in the space between all these entities.  That is where experimentation happens and the medium opens to what it can be.

I am interested in an unconventional, organic approach to drawing  that, while rooted in tradition, moves fluidly between mediums and dimensions. The diverse approaches taken in end up informing and redeveloping each other over time. This invites more questions about the nature of the medium. 

Newman's statement, “A mark is a sign of thought.”, informs my Art on many levels. As the hand or body makes a line across paper or space, what happens inside the mind? This has led to an interest in the relationship between drawing and time. How is time experienced when mark making? How can it be perceived when working between dimensions? Concurrently, I am interested in how a site can influence how drawings form. Various philosophies, particularly Taoism, inform and guide my practice. It encourages forming perspectives from an even place. More recent works on paper explore drawing in relation to everyday activities like walking.

In my work, marks are generic and nondescript. These qualities leave them open for interpretation, as they suggest rather than show. Mark making allows one to explore a state of being when working, rather than “doing”.  Works  grow out of light and shadow and in response to their surroundings. In Time Lines and Walking Drawings, I mark or record shadows cast by the sun in relation to architecture, geometric forms, and nature. Light, when interacting with a building or 3D structure, turns into shapes that shift in form as it moves. This action becomes an entry point into a drawing.  Sol Le Witt’s Wall Drawings inspire works on paper to expand into their environment.  

Tracing and recording shadow lines (either while working in the studio or when performing a walking drawing) bridges the internal world of thought with the external happenings of my surroundings. Marking their movement leads me to experience the ephemeral and encourages keen observation and reflection. The static mark and image produced as a result contrasts and endures the temporal. Engagement in this practice over time leads to surprising microscopic and macrocosmic interconnections and alignments. Unexpected formal dialogues emerge from the process that piques curiosity to see what happens next. 

Resulting works are frameworks of consideration.

Current Series:

Time Lines:

In Time Lines (2015-current), shadows lines cast by the sun are traced in relation to architecture. Surprising harmonies and alignments emerge during the mark making process, 

Between 0 and 1:

“All things are continually interacting with each other, and in doing so each bears the traces of that with which it has interacted:...”
― Carlo Rovelli, Seven Brief Lessons on Physics

The works on paper, Between 0 and 1, explore the link between drawing, time, and thinking at the quantum level. In that micro-world, myriad interactions occur in matter between these small numeric values. Works are made by tracing sunlight as it shifts in relation to architecture over several weeks. The accumulation of lines become a record of the sun’s tracks; metaphors for the ephemeral nature thought. Their interweaving calls for further responsive mark making. Epiphanic moments of clarity emerge when seemingly random lines align and harmonize.

Drawing and Daily Life:

How can drawing merge with the everyday to see and experience both in unusual and surprising ways?

Walking Drawings

I began Walking Drawings as part of a project called Passing Through, orchestrated by artist Sarah Tutt. 

I found the performative activity aligned with interests in merging drawing with daily life as well as interests in mark making and thought. The activity encourages being fully present to one’s surroundings and engaging in a responsive drawing dialogue as one moves through it. I walk and draw during the in-between moments of a day. These include when running errands and taking nature walks after work or weekend. 

Sight Drawings

Sight Drawings are drawings seen in passing. They may share formal qualities, like line, and tone, with traditional works, or stir the imagination for new ones to come. No interventions are made. They are images of what could be.

The Shadows and Shimmer in the City series focuses on the interplay of light and shadow, seen as marks, upon urban architecture and how drawings can develop out of this often overlooked, everyday occurrence. Photos are taken when driving or walking around the city. Sometimes I seek them out while other times they find me.


Much like Sight Drawings, current installations focus on temporality and the interplay of light and shadow upon architecture or geometric structures. They grow out of moments in time; when light enters a window or peeps through the slits in a wooden deck. Interventions are made with small scale geometric materials like cinderblocks to stir a drawing into being. Shifts in lighting and shadow are documented. The resulting static. digital images contrast the movement of light.  

Past Series:


How can dimensions and diverse media affect how a drawing develops? 

Progressions, Shuffling(s), and Reshufflings: Dialogue Between Dimensions:

The Progression(s) and Shuffling(s) series explore a dialogue between dimensions, media, and time to expand how to see and experience drawing. 

Conglomerate (Progressions) are photographs of geometric constructions built in relation to light and shadow. The term progressions alludes to successions of musical chords produced over time to stir harmonies. These constructions changed in form as sunlight shifted over the course of several hours on cement. Different stages of the activity were photographed and times are noted in the titles.


Using ordinary construction materials such as tiles, shelves, and from the Conglomerate series (2007-ongoing) occupy a space between drawing, sculpture, and architecture... the elements 'interact in "states of tension and flow'." (Margaret Winslow).